# Array Slicing

## Array Slicing

Multiple values stored within an array can be accessed simultaneously with array slicing. To pull out a section or slice of an array, the colon operator : is used when calling the index. The general form is:

<slice> = <array>[start:stop]


Where <slice> is the slice or section of the array object <array>. The index of the slice is specified in [start:stop]. Remember Python counting starts at 0 and ends at n-1. The index [0:2] pulls the first two values out of an array. The index [1:3] pulls the second and third values out of an array.

An example of slicing the first two elements out of an array is below.

In :
import numpy as np
a = np.array([2, 4, 6])
b = a[0:2]
print(b)


[2 4]


On either sides of the colon, a blank stands for "default".

• [:2] corresponds to [start=default:stop=2]
• [1:] corresponds to [start=1:stop=default]

Therefore, the slicing operation [:2] pulls out the first and second values in an array. The slicing operation [1:] pull out the second through the last values in an array.

The example below illustrates the default stop value is the last value in the array.

In :
import numpy as np
a = np.array([2, 4, 6, 8])
print(a)
b = a[1:]
print(b)


[2 4 6 8]
[4 6 8]


The next examples shows the default start value is the first value in the array.
In :
import numpy as np
a = np.array([2, 4, 6, 8])
print(a)
b = a[:3]
print(b)


[2 4 6 8]
[2 4 6]


The following indexing operations output the same array.
In :
import numpy as np
a = np.array([2, 4, 6, 8])
b = a[0:4]
print(b)
c = a[:4]
print(c)
d = a[0:]
print(d)
e = a[:]
print(e)


[2 4 6 8]
[2 4 6 8]
[2 4 6 8]
[2 4 6 8]


### Slicing 2D Arrays

2D NumPy arrays can be sliced with the general form:

<slice> = <array>[start_row:end_row, start_col:end_col]


The code section below creates a two row by four column array and indexes out the first two rows and the first three columns.

In :
import numpy as np
a = np.array([[2, 4, 6, 8], [10, 20, 30, 40]])
print(a)
b = a[0:2, 0:3]
print(b)


[[ 2  4  6  8]
[10 20 30 40]]
[[ 2  4  6]
[10 20 30]]


The code section below slices out the first two rows and all columns from array a.
In :
import numpy as np
a = np.array([[2, 4, 6, 8], [10, 20, 30, 40]])
b = a[:2, :]  #[first two rows, all columns]
print(b)


[[ 2  4  6  8]
[10 20 30 40]]


Again, a blank represents defaults the first index or the last index. The colon operator all by itself also represents "all" (default start: default stop).
In :
import numpy as np
a = np.array([[2, 4, 6, 8], [10, 20, 30, 40]])
b = a[:,:]  #[all rows, all columns]
print(b)


[[ 2  4  6  8]
[10 20 30 40]]